confidential communications

These are certain classes of communications, passing between persons who stand in a confidential or fiduciary relation to each other (or who, on account of their relative situation, are under a special duty of secrecy and fidelity), which the law will not permit to be divulged, or allow them to be inquired into in a court of justice, for the sake of public policy and the good order of society. Examples of such privileged relations are those of husband and wife, doctor and patient, and attorney and client. Such are privileged at the option of the spouse-witness, patient-witness, client-witness. For purpose of rule that the attorney-client privilege is limited to "communication" between the attorney and the client, "communication" is not restricted to oral or written matters but extends to information communicated by the client to the attorney by other means. State v. Hardin, Mo.App., 558 S.W.2d 804, 807. Fed.Evid.R. 501.
Libel or slander.
As an essential element of tort liability for libel or slander, such communication (i.e. publication) may be either printed, written, oral, or conveyed by means of gestures, or exhibition of a picture or statue.
See libel

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

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